Baltimore Police Historical Timeline
1729 - The preservation of the peace, protection of property and the arrest of offenders has been the goal of Baltimore residents since August 8, 1729, when the Legislature created Baltimore Town, 100 years before the "London Metropolitan Police Department" was founded by Sir Robert Peel (1829) Note: Sir Robert Peel "Bobby" Peel is widely believed to be where the nick name of the police helmet "Bobby Cap" came from, upon founding the London Metropolitan Police Department, officers were quickly called Bobby Cops, or Bobbies, likewise their hats, "Bobby Caps"
1775 - Would be the start of what would come to be 9 years of haphazard policing in "Baltimore Town" were mistakes were made, but those mistakes were learned from, and in 1784 "Baltimore Town", AKA "Mob Town" decided to form a paid "watch", in which the Watchmen could be fired, or otherwise penalized, for neglect of duty. These first attempts to form the nightwatch, had male inhabitant capable of duty sign an agreement, in which they swore to conform to police regulations adopted by the citizens and sanctioned by the Board of Commissioners, to attend when summoned to serve as night watchmen. This committee had some of the functions of the 1888 Board of Police Commissioners. (The town was divided into Districts and in each of these was stationed a company commanded by a Captain of the Nightwatch.)
1775/76 - The first Captains of the watch, or police, in Baltimore, under this primitive arrangement, were Captain James Calhoun, of the First or Central District; Captain George Woolsey, Second District; Captain Benjamin Griffith, Third District; Captain Barnard Eichelberger, Fourth District; Captain George Lindenberger, Fifth District; and Captain William Goodwin, of the Sixth District. At Fell's Point, Captain Isaac Yanbidder, with two assistants, or Lieutenants. Each Captain had under his command a squad of sixteen men, every inhabitant being enrolled, and taking his turn. The streets were patrolled by these watchmen from 10 pm. until daybreak.
1784 - The first attempt to organize a paid force to guard Baltimore occurred in 1784. Constables were appointed and given police powers to keep the peace. Baltimore's Police Department had been developing their police force since the formation of our "Night Watch" in 1784. In the beginning they were "Necessary to prevent fires, burglaries, and other outrages and disorders." This from (Chapter 69, Acts of 1784). This was 45 years before Sir Robert Peel's London Metropolitan Police was founded in 1829.
1784 - The department began protecting the city with just four districts, The Central (known as the Middle District at the time), followed by the Eastern, Western, and the Southern Districts.
1784 - Baltimore would obtain Street Lights by order of the Police Department - These lights were oil lamps and they were lit by order of the police, they were blown out by order of the police, and they were maintained by order of the police. It was not so obvious to the public as it were to the panel of commissioners, and to the council of city hall, but the lighted streets in Baltimore were a deterrent that prevented, and decreased crime, in and around "Mob Town". While at first many of the ideas, and or theories of the Panel of Commissioners, and or Our Marshals were often shot down, or put off until they either died in committee, or were funded privately. Still, many of these ideas went on to become the norm in law enforcement throughout the country, and around the world. Furthermore these concepts would eventually be paid for, and widely approved of and authorized by state legislatures.
1797 - On April 3, 1797, the City Council passed the first ordinance affecting the police. It directed that three persons were to be appointed Commissioners of the watch. They could employ for one year as many Captains and watchmen as had been employed in the night watch the year past for the same remuneration. The Commissioners prescribed regulations and hours of duty for the police.
1798 - Baltimore made the first of certain steps toward creating the chief of police, or marshal as he was later called. A high constable was appointed, and it was his duty to tour the city frequently, buried a maze, the badge of authority, and to report on lawbreakers. By the turn of the century Baltimore had again became an unmanageable, riotous city. It was now a bustling community of 31,514 in population and one historian remarks naively, "The city was a rendezvous of a number of evil characters."
1808 - We lost our Brother Night Watchman George Workner
1826 - On March 9, 1826, the Mayor was given control of the police. The power given the Mayor was unlimited. The ordinance provided that the Mayor should appoint annually two Captains, two Lieutenants for the Eastern District; two Captains, four Lieutenants for the Middle District; two Captains, two Lieutenants for the Western District. He could also appoint any number of watchmen.
1826 - Central/Middle District History - 03-09-1826 Holiday and Saratoga Streets, established 03-09-1826, building that housed it was built in 1802 and was in use until 1870. 202 N. Guilford Avenue, (North Street) built in 1870 used until 1908. Saratoga and St. Paul Streets, renovated school, March 4, 1908 until 1926. Fallsway and Fayette St. built in 1926 and used until 09-12-1977 when they moved to 500 E Baltimore St. from 12 Sept 1977 until present.
1826 - Eastern District History - 03-09-1826 - 1621 Bank Street built around 1822, still stands. Used until the summer of 1959, when the station was moved to the old Northeastern station house at Ashland and Chew St. (Durham) in the summer of 1959 where they stayed until 1960. In December 1960 they moved to their current location 1620 Edison Highway.
1826 - Western District History - Green St between Baltimore St, and Belvidere St. Used from 1826 until 1876 when they moved to their new location, Pine Street, (still stands today and is used by the Maryland University Police) Baltimore Police used it from 1876 until 1958/9 when they built their new station house at 1034 N Mount St, which is the current site on the Western District.
1837 - 17 May 1837, the first issue of the Baltimore Sun is printed - The first article in the Baltimore Sun that references our police is titled Rioting and as we would expect it is a negative report, that even when police explain the article was incorrect, the paper still runs the story. It was a response to the police briefly being mentioned, however so brief, it was import the initial report is undated (some believe it may have been a morning issue of the same date with the response coming in the evening edition
1845 - Southern District History - Montgomery and Sharp Streets, from 1845 until 1896 when they moved to Ostend Street. Ostend Street and Patapsco Street, from 1896 until 1985/6, moved to Cherry Hill Road. 10 Cherry Hill Road, from 1985/6 to present.
1850/1861 - (Mayor member Ex-officio) Charles Howard, William H Gatchell, Charles d Hinks, and John W Davis
1850 - Charles Howard, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1850-1861
1851 - October 20, 1851, the first known metallic badge worn by Baltimore Police Officers also known as the 1st. Issue badge.
1853 - The State Legislature on March 16, 1853, passed a bill, "To provide for the better security for the citizens and property in the City of Baltimore." This statute provided that police officers should be armed and that a badge and commission be furnished each member. The former act of 1812 was repealed with the passage and enactment of this bill. No change occurred in the police organization until 1857.
1856 - We lost our Brother Night Watchman John O'Mayer
1857 - We lost our Brother Sergeant William Jourdan
1857 - In this year 1857 the department compelled Patrolmen to wear uniforms both on and off duty. They had several rules, 1) Winter uniforms were made up of a black cap bearing the policemen’s number, dark blue overcoat, and trousers with a patent leather belt, and the word "Police" prevalently stamped upon it's buckle. 2) Summer uniforms were the same minus the overcoat. Policemen were required to wear standing collars. 3) The badge of their authority was a star 3 inches; it was worn on the left breast of their coat. The star was often sewn on to avoid all chances of an officer being without his badge. In the old days our brothers would occasionally leave their badges home; so having them sewn on alleviated that situation. Taking away an excuse used by thugs that would use a badgeless officer as an excuse to assault him and then claim he didn't know his victim was an officer. 4) The final piece to the officer’s uniform was his "Billy Club", known in Baltimore as an "Espantoon" it was recognizable as it was often carried in the officer's hand, spun on a leather strap, or tucked under the officer's arm. While in the station or when both hands were needed otherwise, the Espantoon might be seen hanging from a ring on their belts. 5) They carried pistols back then, but normally only when there was a need for them.
1857 - The ordinance of January 1, 1857 provided for the reorganization and from it emerged a new Police Department. The old and existing -ordinances, customs, watch and police system, were abolished and repealed. The use of the watchboxes was discontinued. The new force consisted of l Marshal, 1 Deputy Marshal, 8 Captains, 8 Lieutenants, 24 Sergeants, 350 Police Officers, 8 Turnkeys, 5 Detectives. At this time, the Detective Bureau was established. The City was divided into four police districts. Central, Eastern, Western and Southern.
1857 - First Detective Squad - The first squad of detectives was appointed by the mayor, for by this time the city’s chief executive again controlled the force. There were five in the first squad and they wore civilian clothes. As was mentioned above Patrolman were compelled to wear uniforms both on, and off duty. In winter the uniform was a black cap with the policemen’s number on it, a dark blue overcoat and trousers with a patent leather belt and the word police printed on it.
1858 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Benjamin Benton
1858 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Robert M. Rigdon
1859 - 27 June 1859 - Police and fire-alarm telegraph adopted June, 1858; first put into operation
1860 - 2 Feb 1860 - Baltimore Police force placed under State control
1860 - Other innovations included the inception of the Marine Unit in 1860
1860 - May 1, 1860, we switched our badges to the 2nd issue badge. It was a new “Metropolitan Police" force under a Board of Police Commissioner’s (BOC), state-appointed civilians, signaled the retirement of the "Corporation Police force" and the new badge was authorized.
1861 - 19 April, 1861, - was a fateful day for Baltimore police, who had to attack rioting citizens to protect Union Soldiers passing South through the city.
1861 - June 22 1861 to March 29 1862 (Under control if the United States Military authorities) Police Commissioners Appointed by the Military authorities - Columbus O'Donnell, Archibald Sterling Jr., Thomas Kelso, John R Kelso, John W Randolph, Peter Sauerwein, John B Seidenstricker, Joseph Roberts, and Michael Warner
1861/62 - In March of 1862, the military authorities who had taken control of the Department on June 27, 1861, turned over the Police Department to the authority of the state.
1862 - On June 22, 1862, a newly formed Police force appeared in a completely new uniform with a new series of badges. Known as 3rd Issue it had the same center section of the first badge, and returning the designation of "City Police" surrounded by twenty small points encircled by a narrow rim. Note: The 20 pointer was replaced by an order from the Commissioner. He said "too many were in the hands of the citizens." (This was found in an article in the newspaper circa1890.)
1862 - March 29 1862 to Nov 15 1866 (Mayor member Ex-officio) Samuel Hindes, and Nicholas L Wood
1862 - Nicholas L.Wood, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1862-1864
1864 - Samuel Hindes, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1864-1866
1866 - Nov 15 1866 to March 1867 (Mayor member Ex-officio) William T Valiant, and James Young,
1866 - James Young, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1866-1867
1867 - The first State agency to exercise police powers was the Baltimore City Police Force. Established in 1867 under a Board of Police Commissioners, the Force was elected by the General Assembly (Chapter 367, Acts of 1867). Baltimore's police force, from 1867, was governed by a State board although jurisdiction was limited to the City.
1867 - March 1867 Lefevre Jarrett, James E Carr, and William H B Fusselbaugh
1867 - LeFevre Jarrett, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1867-1870
1870 - We lost our Brother Police Officer James Murphy
1870 - March 14 1870 John W Davis, James E Carr, and William H B Fusselbaugh
1870 - John W. Davis, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1870-1871
1871 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles J Walsh *
1871 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Joseph Clark
1871 - We lost our Brother Detective John H. Richards
1871 - March 15 1871 William H B Fusselbaugh, James E Carr, and Thomas W Morse
1871 - William H.B. Fusselbaugh, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1871-1881
1872 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John Christopher
1874 - Northwestern District History - 1874 - The Northwestern District was first opened at Pennsylvania Ave and Lambert Street where it remained until 1958/9 when they moved to their present district on Reisterstown Rd.
1874 - Northeasten District History - 1874 - The Northeastern District was first opened at Ashland and Chew Streets (Durham) where it remained until 1958/9 when they moved to their present district at 1900 Argonne Drive.
1875 - March 15 1875 William H B Fusselbaugh, Harry Gilmor, and John Milroy
1877 - March 15 1877 William H B Fusselbaugh, Harry Gilmor, and James R Herbert
1878 - April 12 1878 William H B Fusselbaugh, James R Herbert, and John Milroy
1880 - The Motto for the department began in the Central District on 9 November, 1880, "Ever on the Watch" written in English, under the Latin words "Semper Paratus" and "Semper Fideles" - "Semper" can either means, "Always" or "Ever" - so it could read either "Ever Ready / Ever Faithful / Ever on the Watch" or "Always Ready / Always Faithful / Ever on the Watch". Throughout history "Semper Paratus", and "Semper Fideles" have consistently been read as "Always". However in Baltimore it stood for "Ever" - Giving us "Semper Paratus - Semper Fideles - Semper Alapa Buris Pervigil" or "Ever Ready - Ever Faithful - Ever on the Watch"
1881 - March 15 1881 George Colton, James R Herbert, and John Milroy
1881 - George Colton, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1881-1887
1883 - Mourning for fallen officers, and the passing of officers, was ordered upon the death of Capt. Franklin Kenney of the Eastern District. The mourning time was established, and set for a period of 10 days for fallen officers and 5 days for passing officers.
1883 - March 15 1883 George Colton, James R Herbert, and John Milroy
1884 - Aug 5 1884 George Colton, John Milroy, and J D Ferguson
1884 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles W. Fisher
1884 - Southwestern District History - 1884 - 17 July 1884 The Southwestern District was first opened at Calhoun and Pratt Streets (200 S Calhoun St) where it remained until 11 July 1958 when they moved to their present location at 424 Font Hill Ave.
1885 - Jacob Frey served as Marshal from Oct 15 1885 - Jul 12 1897
1885 - The first Patrol Wagon went into service on October 25, 1885 - and is believed to make Baltimore the second to use patrol wagons in the country, behind Chicago. The story goes; One day Deputy-Marshal Jacob Frey was reading an illustrated magazine, while in the gymnasium of Central's Station when he saw facts on Patrol Wagons being used in Chicago. He brought the idea before the board of police commissioners; they were mildly interested. Frey didn't give up on ideas that he believed in so he called the board’s attention to the matter again some weeks later. They had forgotten about it, but promised to look into it. Wagon's and Police Telegraph Box Systems, were the future in Frey's eyes, so after the legislation failed to act, the board "Marshal Frey" took matters into its own hands. He sent one of the members of the "Board" and "Marshal Gray" to Chicago to see how the "New Fanged" patrols wagons worked. They "Were Charmed" an old records states. And while there they saw Chicago’s new police telegraph box system. (Known as the callbox) result was both facilities were in Baltimore by the fall of 1885. According to Gamewell's records, Chicago was the first to use the Police Telegraph System, and Baltimore was the second in this country to use this system.
1885 - Baltimore Police began using those Police Telegraph Boxes (Callboxes) the pilot program was begun in the Central District, but would quickly spread to use in all Districts on all posts
1885 - A Harbor Patrol was established in 1885.
1886 - The Police Helmet, (Bobby Cap) worn in other cities, was made part of the uniform in Baltimore. (It was introduced by Commissioner Alford J. Carr. Taking the place of the derby formerly worn by Baltimore police. Commissioner Carr specified that the black helmet was to be worn in the winter, and the pearl gray helmet worn during summer months. The helmet at that time was significant of rank, only patrolman and sergeants wore it. The Marshal and his Deputy Marshal as well as all Captains and Lieutenants wear the regular cap of the period.)
1886 - Feb 25 1886 George Colton, John Q A Robson, and John Milroy
1886 - Jun 25 1886 George Colton, John Q A Robson, and Alfred J Carr
1887 - March 15 1887 Edson M Schryver, Alfred J Carr, and John Q A Robson
1887 - Edson M. Schryver, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1887-1897
1888 - The Mounted Patrol was established.
1888 - Jan 23 1888 Edson M Schryver, John Gill Jr, and John Q A Robson
1889 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John T. Lloyd
1890 - May 27, 1890, what came to be known as the 4th Issue badge was worn with a new uniform by all members of the force. This is a shield-shaped badge with the word "POLICE" across the top, Maryland seal in the center and a ribbon with the officers number across the bottom. Sergeant's and above had an eagle on top of their shield. Lieutenants and above wore a badge similar to the Sergeant but was gold in color. The eagle on the badges had a ribbon in its beak denoting the rank of the officer. These were worn from 1890 until 1976
1891 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Jacob Zapp
1894 - We lost our Brother Police Officer James T. Dunn
1894 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Michael Neary
1894 - Dec 1 1894 Edson M Schryver, John Gill Jr, and John C Legg
1895 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John J. Dailey
1896 - The Bertillon Bureau was established to take photographs and measurements of prisoners. Bertillon system n. A system formerly used for identifying persons by means of a detailed record of body measurements, physical description, and photographs. The Bertillon system was superseded by the more accurate procedure of fingerprinting.
1896 - March 27 1896 Daniel C Heddinger, John Gill Jr, and Edson M Schryver
1897 - March 15 1897 Daniel C Heddinger, William W Johnson, and Edson M Schryver
1897 - Thomas F Garnan, was Deputy Marshal / Acting Marshal from July 13 1897 - Oct 6 1897
1897 - Samuel T Hamilton was Marshal from Oct 7 1897 - Oct 7 1901
1897 - On July 12, 1897, the active connection of Marshal Jacob Frey, with the Police Department ceased. On October 7, 1897, Capt. Samuel T. Hamilton was elected Marshal of Police to succeed Marshal Frey. Marshal Hamilton was a veteran officer of the Civil War and a man of indisputable courage and integrity. For many years following the great civil conflict he had served on the Western frontier and took part in the unremitting campaigns against the Sioux and other Indian tribes, who were constantly waging war upon the settlers and pioneers as they pushed their way toward the setting sun, building towns and railroads and trying to conquer the wilderness and its natural dwellers. In the Sioux campaign of 1876, when Gen. George A. Custer and his gallant command, outnumbered ten to one by the Indians in the valley of the Little Big Horn, were annihilated, Captain Hamilton and his troop rode day and night in a vain effort to re-enforce Custer and his sorely pressed men. It was on June 26, 1876, the Seventh United States Cavalry rode and fought to their deaths, and on June 27, the day following, the reinforcements arrived, exhausted from their terrific ride across the country. Captain Hamilton and his troop fought through the rest of the campaign, which resulted in Sitting Bull, the great Indian war chief, being driven across the Canadian frontier.
1897 - Daniel C. Heddinger, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1897-1900
1898 - Fall of 1998 ground was broke on Northern District. What was being built on a piece of land purchased by the City, at Cedar and 2nd was called Northern's annex. (a new District) to be ran by Capt. Thomas W Morris
1899 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Alonzo B. Bishop
1900 - Northern District History - 1900 The Northern District was first opened at Keswick and 34th Street on 1 Feb 1900 at 8am ran by Capt. Gittings, Lieutenants Henry and Dempsey; Round Sergeants will be, Warden for Day Duty, and Moxley for Night Duty. At the time they began with 50 officers. It remained at the Keswick location until 2001 when it moved to its current location at 2201 W Coldspring Lane.
1900 - The interesting thing about the Board of Police Commissioners and eventual single Commissioner is that the Commissioner(s) for the City of Baltimore were to be chosen and appointed by the Governor for the State of Maryland.
1900 - May 7 1900 George M Upsher, Edward H Fowler, and John T Morris
1900 - George M. Upsher, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1900-1904
1901 - Thomas F Farnan Deputy Marshal was Acting Marshal from Oct 8 1901 - Aug 7 1902
1902 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John a McIntyre *
1902 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles J. Donohue
1902 - Thomas F Farnan, Appointed Marshal from Oct 8 1902 - Aug 8 1914
1904 - March 23 1904 George M Upsher, John T Morris, and Thomas J Shryock
1904 - May 2 1904 George R Willis, James H Preston, and Thomas J Shryock
1904 - James H. Preston , was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1904-1908 (Gov. Warfield made him a member of the Board of Police Commissioners for Baltimore City, 1904-08) He went on to become Baltimore's Mayor in 1915
1904 - George R. Willis, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1904-1908
1905 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Mathew Boone *
1905 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John McNamara *
1905 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles Spitznagle *
1908 - The Traffic Division was established.
1908 - May 4 1908 Sherlock Swann, John B A Wheltle, and Peter E Tome
1908 - Sherlock Swann, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1908-1910
1908 - Nov 7, 1908 After 22 years, The Baltimore Police Department stop using the Police Helmet, (Bobby Cap), and goes to a more modern round, or oval top, police hat. From the Baltimore Sun - The Baltimore Police go from the Bobby Type Helmet to the more modern cap and Officers donned new uniforms, veteran Captains returned to old Districts, caps supplant helmets and Espantoons are in use once again.
1909 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Thomas H. Worthington *
1910 - May 2 1910 John B A Wheltle, Peter E Tome, and C Baker Clotworthy
1910 - John B.A. Wheltle, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1910 -1912
1912 - We lost our Brother Officer John McGrain *
1912 - The first Women Officer was hired under the title of Policewomen was Mary S. Harvey, EOD of June 19, 1912 her hiring was followed by that of Margaret B. Eagleston July 22, 1912 (interesting side note on March 28, 1925 the Baltimore Sun reports - Two female members of department given first lesson in pistol shooting. They were Miss Margaret B. Eagleston and Mrs. Mary J. Bruff - A few days later Mrs. Mary Harvey, Miss Eva Aldridge and Ms. Mildred Campbell were also trained. So basically the first two woman officers hired by the BPD weren't trained in firearms until they had been on the force for 13 years!)
1912 - April 4 1912 John B A Wheltle, Peter E Tome, and Morris A Soper
1912 - May 6 1912 Morris A Soper, Daniel C Ammidon, and Alfred S Niles
1912 - Morris A. Soper, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1912-1913
1912/13 - The Baltimore police goes from Horse Draw "Patty" Wagons to motorized wagons. Oddly enough our first motorized wagons were manufactured by the same builder.
1913 - The Police Academy was established.
1913 - Dec 31 1913 James McEvoy, Daniel C Ammidon, and Alfred S Niles
1913 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Gottlleb Eisener *
1913 - James McEvoy, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1913-1914
1914- The Motor Unit was organized on May 29, 1914 - It began with just five members, Officers, Schleigh, Bateman, Pepersack, Vocke and Louis.
1914 - Dec 28 1914 Daniel C Ammidon, Clarendon I T Gould, and Alfred S Niles
1914 - Robert D Carter Appointed Marshal Aug 14 1914 - until after 1917
1914 - Daniel C. Ammidon, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1914-1916
1915 - We lost our Brother Police Officer George C. Sauer
1915 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Herbert Bitzel *
1915 - 15 Feb 1915 - Baltimore begins its first ever Bike Squads, from four booths throughout the city, they worked two shifts, 4x12 12x8, they rode in 2 hour rotations, splitting time with officers in the booth. Dispatch phoned the booth, and calls were sent forward from there to the units on their bikes. The concept was to provide better police service to the rural homes in the city
1916 - March 22 1916 Lawrason Riggs, Daniel C Ammidon, and Alfred S Niles
1916 - May 1 1916 Lawrason Riggs, Edward F Burke, and Daniel C Ammidon
1916 - Lawrason Riggs, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1916-1920
1917 - We lost our Brother Patrolman Michael Burns *
1917 - Circa 1917 (The title Chief was Marshal in Baltimore City)
1918 - We lost our Sister Police Matron Teresa Foll *
1919 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John J. Lanahan
1920 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Michael J Egan *
1920 - The board of Police Commissioners was abolished and General Charles D. Gaither was appointed as the first Police Commissioner of the Baltimore City Police Department.
1920 - In 1920 the Board of Police Commissioners was abolished and General Charles D. Gaither was appointed as our first Police Commissioner. Charles D. Gaither was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1920-1937
1922 - Baltimore began the use of their "Recall System" on 17 Sept 1922 - Police of the Central district began operating the new police recall system. Every uniformed man from the inspector to patrolman was enthusiastic over the results. The first week of the "Magic Blinkers" has created a demand from other districts that the system be installed immediately.
1923 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John Edward Swift *
1924 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Frank L. Latham
1924 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles S. Frank *
1925 - We lost our Brother Police Officer George D. Hart
1925 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Patrick J Coniffee *
1925 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Roy L. Mitchell
1925 - We lost our Brother Patrolman John E. Harris *
1926 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Webster E. Schumann
1926 - We lost our Brother Police Clerk Thomas J. Dillon
1927 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William F. Doehler
1928 - We lost our Brother Sergeant George M. J. May
1928 - We lost our Brother Sergeant Joseph F. Carroll
1931 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John P. Burns
1932 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William A. Bell
1932 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Thomas F. Steinacker
1933 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John R. J. Block
1933 - Radio Communication Est. The First radio communications system between Patrol Vehicles and a Central Dispatcher went into service on March 4, 1933.
1934 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John Blank
1934 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John A. Stapf
1934 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Henry W. Sudmeier
1935 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Max Hirsh
1935 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Arthur H. Malinofski
1936 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Leo Bacon
1936 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Carroll Hanley
1936 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John T. King, Jr.
1937 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Thomas J. Barlow
1937 - We lost our Brother Capt. Charles A. Kahler *
1937 - First African American Officer Violet Hill Whyte, became Baltimore Police Department's first African American officer she worked out of the Western District for her 30 year career with the department.
1937 - William Lawson, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1937-1938
1938 - We lost our Brother Chief Engineer Joseph Edward Keene
1938 - Robert F. Stanton, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1938-1943
1938 - Accident Investigation Unit Est. The Accident Investigation Unit was established on February 21, 1938.
1938 - The first African American male officers hired were Walter T. Eubanks Jr., Harry S. Scott, Milton Gardner, and J. Hiram Butler Jr. were hired in 1938, all of whom were assigned to plainclothes
1940 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William L. Ryan
1941 - Auxiliary Police Force Est. In December 1941, after Pearl Harbor our Police Commissioner (Robert F. Stanton) realized he would be losing a lot of his men to the war effort, so he quickly organized an "Auxiliary Police Force" a unit of Civilian Defence Organization, which now has a membership of approximately two thousand persons, whose services are on a strictly voluntary basis without remuneration of any character. These men are selected from owners of big business, and executives-men in all walks of life including labourers and the unemployed (if you meet the requirements it doesn't matter what you do for a living, your help is welcome). In 1941 they originally provided at their own expense, uniforms and patrol box keys etc. The department furnished badges, whistles and night sticks. They receive ten hours training in first-aid, two hours instructions in handling of bombs, and at least six hours instruction in police work, during which period they are assigned to work with the regular uniformed patrolmen. They were required to report to various districts and to perform two hours actual police duty assigned them by our District Captains. The purpose which the Auxiliary Police was serving and the manner in which its members have discharged its duties are worthy of the highest commendation, for it has been a most effective instrument in aiding in the preservation of law and order. Cooperation between this unit and the regular uniform force are. Basis for the progress made in combating crime. After the war there was a bit of distension among the Auxiliary Police Force and the regular force (HERE)
1943 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William J. Woodcock
1943 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William S. Knight
1943 - African American officers were finally allowed to wear police uniforms, and by 1950, there were fifty African American officers in the department.
1943 - Hamilton R. Atkinson, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1943-1949
1944 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Joseph Waldsachs *
1944 - 7 Oct 1944 The Baltimore police switches from the round, or oval top police caps that were worn for a little more than 30 years after the "Bobby Cap" type helmet, to the current "Octagonal" or "Eight point" hat we wear today.
1945 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John B. Bealefeld
1946 - We lost our Brother Patrolman James M Shamer *
1946 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Elmer A. Noon
1947 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Fred R. Unger
1947 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles Hart *
1948 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Joseph Daniel Benedict
1948 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Thomas J. Burns
1948 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John W. Arnold
1948 - Crime Lab Est. The Baltimore Police Department’s 1st Crime Lab
1949 - We lost our Brother Police Officer James L. Joyce
1949 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Thomas J. O'Neill
1949 - Beverly Ober, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1949-1955
1950 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles M. Hilbert
1951 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Roland W. Morgan
1951 - Central Records Est. and Central Records Division was created on August 7, 1951.
1952 - Armory Est. in 1952 the Gun-shop (now called the Armory) was established
1952 - In the department started using a Single Rocket Type Shoulder Patch, it was black with yellow trim, and yellow letters that read, "Baltimore City Police" and was worn on the left shoulder of the officers coat, or jacket.
1953 - We lost our Brother Police Officer James L. Scholl
1954 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Alfred P. Bobelis
1954 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Aubrey L. Lowman
1954 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Walter D. Davis
1954 - Mobile Crime Lab Est. May of 1954 The Mobile Crime Lab Unit was established.
1955 - We lost our Brother Sergeant James J. Purcell
1955 - Polygraph Unit Est. First in the State Commissioner Hepbron brings in a polygraph machine to help build a polygraph unit within the Rackets Division of the department. (In 1966 this unit would be transferred to the Crime Lab unit - Before the move to Crime Lab this little machine will cause headaches for the commissioner that brings it to Baltimore)
1955 - James M. Hepbron, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1955-1961
1956 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John R. Phelan
1956/57 - Baltimore’s K9 Unit was initiated - On Tuesday, December 11, 1956, an article was published in one of our local newspapers which was one of a series of articles written by one Martin Millspaugh pertaining to Scotland Yard. This article the last of a series was devoted to the use of police dogs in London. As a result of the letters and inquiries received by Commissioner James M. Hepbron, an article appeared in the Morning Sun on December 17, 1956 which briefly stated that Commissioner Hepbron was interested and saw the possibilities of using dogs in the Baltimore City Police Department. On December 18, 1956, two dogs (Turk & Major Gruntz) that had had previous training were offered to the Baltimore City Police Department and, with two officers (Patrolman Thomas McGinn and Irvan Marders) also with previous dog experience, the program was put into effect on an “experimental basis”. By the middle of January 1957, fourteen dogs had been acquired as potential candidates and fourteen men were selected and assigned to the K~9 Corps. These men were chosen as a result of a questionnaire which was sent to all members of the department asking for volunteers. These men and dogs were trained daily until March 1, 1957. At that time, they were put on the street on Friday and Saturday nights, working the areas where crime was most prevalent. Shortly after this, actually on April 17, 1957~ Commissioner Hepbron, considering the experiment a success, went before the Mayor and City Council and appropriations were made through the Board of Estimates which resulted in the K-9 Corps becoming a permanent part of the Baltimore City Police. For more info on Baltimore’s K9 click HERE
1957 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John F. Andrews
1958 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Robert K. Nelson
1958/59 - Southeastern District History - 1958/59 - The Southeastern District is the youngest of all of our districts, it was first built in 1958/59 at its present location of 5710 Eastern Ave
1959 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Richard H. Duvall, Jr.
1960 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Warren V. Eckert
1961 - In January of 1961, the Baltimore Police Department merged with The Park Police, to make one big police force that covered the city. This will happen numerous times throughout the department's history. Housing Police and now talks of taking on Baltimore School Police.
1961 - Bernard Schmidt, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1961-1966
1961/66 - The police commissioner was in an elevator in the Headquarters building when an officer steps in, the officer turns his back on the Commissioner and faces the closing doors much the way anyone entering an elevator would. The Commissioner asked the officer if he knew who he was. The Officer apologized, saying he did not. The Commissioner introduced himself to the officer. Not long after this the tradition of a photo of the Police Commissioner hanging in the roll call room behind the Lieutenant's podium was begun. The Commissioner at the time was, Bernard Schmidt he served as Police Commissioner from 1961-1966 just before Donald Pomerleau - 1966-1981
1962 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Henry Smith, Jr.
1962 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Richard D. Seebo
1962 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Edward J. Kowalewski
1964 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Francis R. Stransky
1964 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Claude J. Profili
1964 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Walter Patrick Matthys
1964 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Teddy L. Bafford
1964 - We lost our Brother Sergeant Jack Lee Cooper
1965 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Charles R. Ernest
1965 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Robert Henry Kuhn
1966 - We lost our Brother Honorary Police Officer Simon Fried * 1*
1966 - The department itself had not fully integrated until 1966. Prior to 1966, African American officers were limited to foot patrols as they were barred from the use of squad cars. These officers were quarantined in rank, barred from patrolling in white neighbourhoods, and would often only be given specialty assignments in positions in the Narcotics division or as undercover plainclothes officers.
1966 - Police Commissioner Donald D Pomerleau was appointed to the first of three six year terms as our Commissioner, that's 18 years of the same Police Commissioner
1966 - Along with Commissioner Pomerleau came the idea of "Police, Policing... Police", Internal Affairs, Internal Investigations, IID... IAD... call it what you like, but DP said, "Things will change, you may have been on the take yesterday, but you will not be on the take tomorrow, and if you are, you will be arrested just like any other criminal in Baltimore!" Some officers were smart and yielded to his advice, others were not so smart and ended up someplace alright, "That place was; their place in a perp walk 1966 style".
1966 - The FOP Lodge #3 Baltimore City Police was founded by Sgt. Richard Simmons, Earl Kratch and several others. For more information click HERE
1966 - Was the first year that we had what is known today as "In-service training" — where time is taken off the street to learn about things like, new laws, rules and regulations, and other new techniques, equipment and operations with-in the department.
1966 - Donald Pomerleau, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1966-1981
1967 - The “Operations Unit” was formed, some called them “Flex Squads”. These special units one in each of the nine districts would go where the action is. “Operations Units” the special groups for each be commanded by Lieutenant, who will deploy the men as they are needed throughout the district.
1967 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William J. Baumer
1967 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Frederick K. Kontner
1967 - We lost our Brother Police Officer John C. Williams
1968 - We lost our Brother Detective Richard F. Bosak
1968 - We lost our Brother Sergeant Frant Ankrom *
1967/68 - Was the last year for the Rocker style shoulder patch. (Baltimore wore a single shoulder patch on their left arm) Was the first year for the Blue Baltimore "City" Police style shoulder patch. (At this stage Baltimore was still wearing a single shoulder patch on their left arm.)
1968 - September 1968 the department of education and training center, itself relatively new, evolve into a modern version of the Baltimore police academy and became the first fully accredited academy of its type in the country. The American University in Washington recognized portions of the training program and offered up to 12 credits for completion of specified courses in a program that combined 14 weeks of classroom work, and 6 weeks of Field Training. Three of the credits could be earned at Morgan State University. The course for credit function was later transferred to the University of Baltimore, where it has remained. From time to time officers are sent to the FBI National Academy at Quantico Virginia for courses.
1970 - We lost our Brother Police Officer George F. Heim
1970 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Henry M. Mickey
1970 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Donald W. Sager
1970 - The Arson Unit was initiated in February of 1970.
1970 - Fox Trot Est. The Department Aviation Unit "Fox Trot" was officially formed and began flights.
1971 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Carl Peterson, Jr.
1971 - We lost our Brother Lieutenant Martin Webb
1971 - The department begins it's Bomb Squad under the supervision of Lt. Karner - before we began our own Bomb Squad bomb-dismantling missions were handled by Army experts, Robert "RAM" Miller's device used to detonate bombs made from a shotgun shell was is own design, made here in Baltimore and would evenutally go on to be used world wide.
1972 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Lorenzo Arnest Gray
1972 - The present Headquarters Building of the Police Department was opened.
1973 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Norman Frederick Buchman
1973 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Calvin M. Rodwell
1973 - The Civil Service Commission authorized the single classification "Police Officer" to replace the dual designation "Policeman/Patrolman" and "Policewoman/Police Woman". This reclassification was a continuation of the department's efforts in the area of equal employment opportunity. (Female "Police Officers" now had the same prerogatives and responsibilities as their male counterparts. Now only one competitive test for promotions is necessary. Thus, a single career ladder was established for all sworn members.)
1974 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Frank Warren Whitby, Jr.
1974 - We lost our Brother Detective Sergeant Frank William Grunder, Jr.
1974 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Milton I. Spell
1974 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Martin Joseph Greiner
1974 - Baltimore's first Gun Buyback program (then called a Gun Bounty) was held 25 August 1974. The idea came to Police Commissioner Pomerleau as he stood graveside to Officer Milton Spells who was shot and killed in the line of duty on 15 August 1974. PC Pomerleau offered $30 for surrendered guns. The surprisingly huge response, more like a metallic flood, to the Commissioner's offer for guns was an indication of how many weapons were and still are at large in the community, each with its crime and possible death potential. Budget considerations rather quickly have required the Police Department to eliminate rifles and shotguns from its bounty program and to limit its offer to city residence. The program would last nearly a month - The city Gun Bounty program (as it was known) was being declared a success by police spokesmen, but criminologists challenge that appraisal because the program has not been in effect long enough to produce solid evidence, and they insisted that only strong federal gun control measures can significantly limit the availability of firearms. There have been a number of gun bounty, buyback programs since, some sponsored by the Baltimore Housing Authority, The Police Department, Area Churches, and the Occasionally Private Individual/Politician. A buyback in West Baltimore once recovered 750 guns in one day, and another in June of 2005 recovered hundreds more along with several high-powered assault weapons." If only the city would have been more proactive instead of reactive, we might not have had as many police funerals to attend.
1974 - Baltimore's Police Strike HERE
1975 - Under Commissioner Donald D. Pomerleau the Word "City" was dropped from our large blue shoulder patch. (There are several interesting versions as to why the word "CITY" was drop. All were based on the same three stories, all convincing, well for the most part convincing, see the Patch page under BPD History or click) HERE
1975 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Edward S. Sherman
1975 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Timothy B. Ridenour
1974/75 - Ammo change, after one of our brother Officers (Lorenzo Gray) was killed in the line of duty (1972) the department was forced to changed our ammo from the round nose to the semi-wad cutter. (This change came about because Officer Gray's shot merely spun the suspect around allowing him to discharge a round from his shotgun at Officer Gray. Officers wanted something they knew would save them if they needed it, and requested the hollow point, the department rejected that idea, stating they felt it was, dare I say "Overkill") the Wad cutter wasn't issued until late 1974, early 75.) We were recently told this change was a big part of negotiations that lead to the 1974 Police Strike. (BTW while the city and the Department were not happy with the strike, my family and present law enforcement is thankful. The changes made as a result of those strikes made things better for all of us today, our department fired some great men and women; men and women that made a sacrifice for us.
1974/75 - The Departmental Vehicle phased out the old Blue and White with the old Gold Badge on the door to an all white car with a Blue Shoulder Patch on the door and Red under Blue Stripes. See our Vehicles HERE
1974/75 - In 1974 QRT (Quick Response Team) began training; it was formed out of members of Tactical Section including several of the EVU members as they had been trained in use of high power rifles and already departmental Marksmen. (More can be under BPD Units>Tactical by clicking) HERE -In the beginning, The "New" Tactical Section, circa 1974/75, formed a "Special Weapons and Tactics" team in the BPD. The department however wouldn't let it be called SWAT. They felt SWAT was a negative of term. So they (the team came up with the name QRT (Quick Response Team) Lt Joe Key has been given credit for naming QRT, it is the exact team, but with a kinder gentler name. When they finally got the body bunkers, and Kevlar helmets, they also got black ballistic face shields. However, the department didn't want members of the team wearing the masks/face shields because "it made them look evil". So the masks stayed in the box. By 1999, the department finally gave in and let the team be called SWAT. Up until this point EVU were the primary snipers for the city. The original members of that first QRT team each had to buy their own equipment; they shopped Sunny's Surplus, and or H&H Outdoor Supply. So when they see the teams of today, and how well they're equipped; being as it should have been all along, I'm sure all they can do is shake their heads? But at the same time, I know how proud each of these men are to have paved the way. Not to mention the number of lives they saved, while putting their own lives on the line.
1976 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Jimmy Dale Halcomb
1976 - 5 April 1976 - the 5th. Issue badge came along and is the Badge currently worn by Baltimore Police Officers to this day. With exception to the 2nd Issue badge the word Baltimore did not appear on any other official Police badge. The 5th Issue badge is similar to the 4th Issue "Supervisor's" badge with a new center seal that is the same as worn on the large shoulder patch. (The badge change came in May of 1976, Jimmy Halcomb was killed on April 16th 1976 at Lombard and Carey St. - Jimmy was the last officer to have been killed in the line of duty while wearing the old Issue #4 badge.)
1977 - 12 September 1977 - The current Central District located at 500 E Baltimore St opens. Moving from the Fallsway and Fayette St. building, built in 1926, to 500 E Fayette St. from 12 Sept 1977 until present.
1978 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Edgar J. Rumpf
1978 - We lost our Brother Sergeant Robert John Barlow
1978 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Nelson F. Bell, Jr.
1978 - The Baltimore City Police Department remained under State governance until 1978, when the Mayor began to appoint the Police Commissioner, subject to confirmation by the City Council (Chapter 920, Acts of 1976). - From the MSP website Baltimore City Police Force. The first State agency to exercise police powers was the Baltimore City Police Force. Established in 1867 under a Board of Police Commissioners, the Force was elected by the General Assembly (Chapter 367, Acts of 1867). Baltimore had been developing a police force since the formation in 1784 of a night watch "very necessary to prevent fires, burglaries, and other outrages and disorders" (Chapter 69, Acts of 1784). Its police force, from 1867, was governed by a State board although jurisdiction was limited to the City. From 1900 to 1920, the Board of Police Commissioners was appointed by the Governor. After 1920, a single Police Commissioner of Baltimore City was chosen and also served on the Governor's Advisory Council. The Baltimore City Police Department remained under State governance until 1978, when the Mayor began to appoint the Police Commissioner, subject to confirmation by the City Council (Chapter 920, Acts of 1976).
In 1909, the Board of Police Commissioners of Baltimore City urged the creation of a State detective force since the Governor, the Fire Marshal, and State's Attorneys in the counties frequently sought help from Baltimore City's expert investigators. The first tentative step towards a state-wide police force, however, was taken in 1914 as a corps of motorcycle officers under the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles began to enforce motor vehicle laws throughout Maryland (Chapter 564, Acts of 1914).
1979 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William D. Albers
1981 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Ronald L. Tracey
1981 - The original five digit sequence numbers were assigned alphabetically. The lower the number, the lower in the alphabet your last name. The numbers were often re-issued after an officer left the department. The "new" Short Number, sequence number system began late in 1981. The change came about from a district court requirement for a unique number to identify officers.
1981- Frank Battaglia, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1981-1984
1984 - We lost our Brother Detective Marcellus Ward
1984 - The Latent Print Unit began the use of Printrak. Printrak enabled the department to use computerized fingerprint searches to assist examiners with respondents for potential latent print identifications.
1984 - Bishop Robinson, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1984-1987
1985 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Richard J. Lear
1985 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Vincent J. Adolfo
1985 - Adopted a computerized booking procedures for prisoners, and 911 emergency systems
1986 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Richard Thomas Miller
1986 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Robert Alexander
1987 - Edward J. Tilghman, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1987-1989
1989 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William J. Martin
1989 - Edward V. Woods, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1989-1993
1990 - The Department begins phasing in the Glock model 17 - 9mm semi auto handgun, to replace the S&W model 19 / model 64 - .38 cal. pistol. This transition took approximately 3 years to complete. (The first academy class to use the Glock's were 90-2 and 90-3)
1991 - Gunshot Residue Analysis (GSR) using Scanning Electron Microscopy began in 1991.
1992 - The Baltimore Police Department re-initiated their Bicycle unit, a unit that was brought back after nearly 20 years as it was formerly used in 1972 and even as many as 70 or more years earlier.
1992 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Ira Neil Weiner
1993 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Herman A. Jones, Sr.
1993 - The Breathalyzer was replaced with a computerized version, a unit called "The Intoximeter".
1994 - The Polygraph Unit began using a computerized polygraph instrument for conducting polygraph examinations.
1994 - SCAN (Scientific Content ANaylysis) was brought to Central District's Major Crime Unit. SCAN was a Linguistic Polygraph technique that at the time was so new the department refused to pay for the course. Within a few years of Officer Driscoll showing it to different units throughout the department he was allowed to use it to analyze statements in just about every unit or division within the department; everything from Homicide, to Sex Offence, to Robbery, Missing persons and Theft units in the department. He started being limited to "Area 1", and before long doing all three Areas, Statements for the State’s Attorney’s Office, and various outside agencies. Before leaving department in 2001, for a surgery due to a LOD injury Det. Driscoll was asked to teach his introductory course to Baltimore's Homicide Unit. BTW His course was authorized by Avinoam Sapir, from LSI. Avinoam Sapir developed and refined Statement Analysis, and because Det. Driscoll took it so serious and found several observations that had not yet been discovered, Avinoam called him a Guru on the subject. "Point of Perspective" - "Here" vs. "There" was just one of Kenny's many observations that were eventually included LSI's training after Kenny brought it to Mr. Sapir’s attention. Kenny Still uses the technique and practices reading statements even though he has been retired for more than 10 years. One of the more known cases he was involved in was the Laci Peterson case, in which he contacted the Modesto, California Police and offered his assistance, providing an observation on Scott Peterson's words. These observations came within 5 days of Laci’s going missing. Based on something Scott said to the media about his wife's disappearance, Kenny knew she was dead, and not missing as Scott was reporting. To Det. Driscoll it was pretty easy if Scott Peterson knew she was dead, when everyone else only suspected her as missing, then he must have killed her. At the time The Modesto, California Police said it was too early, they didn’t want to accuse him of anything too early. But within the year they asked Ret. Det. Driscoll for a complete write up of his observations. Kenny was able to tell them what room she was killed in, and what time she was killed, all based on Scott Peterson’s words. With-in a year Laci’s Body was recovered, and Scott Peterson was arrested, tried and convicted for her murder. Other cases he assisted with included Haleigh Cummings, in which police were told to look more closely at the girlfriend, a few years later, it was determined the girl was taken from the girlfriend over money she may have owed them for drugs. The technique is very strong in the right hands, and has been used to solve many cases throughout this country and internationally. HERE
1994 - The Police Commissioner ended a long time tradition in Baltimore of Police carrying their Espantoon, by banning the nightstick in place of the Koga Stick. Espantoon’s History - From Webster’s Dictionary - The espantoon is a wooden police baton equipped with a long leather strap for twirling. It originated and is still strongly associated with the Baltimore Police Department in Baltimore, Maryland. The term is distinctly "Baltimorea/Baltimoreian" The word itself derives from that of a pole weapon, the espantoon, which was carried by infantrymen of the British Army during the Revolutionary period. Since, the espantoon has been considered a symbol of the "Policeman's Office and Dignity". Before the advent of wireless communications, the espantoon was reportedly used by Baltimore policemen to call for assistance where its officer would bang it on the curb or a drainpipe.
1994/95 - The City had Officers wearing, dark blue pants, white shirts, a black ties, with a dark blue blouse (jacket) and black shoes. They also had us carrying a briefcase. The idea was our Brass wanted us looking professional, more like businessmen. In 1994, the finally let us start wearing dark blue shirts that matched the pants.
1994 - Thomas C. Frazier, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 1994-1999
1995 - Under Police Commissioner Thomas Frasier comes another of Baltimore's many shoulder patch changes, Up until 1995 our Officers either wore no patch, a single rocker patch, or one of the two "City" "No City" Patches on their left shoulder. Commissioner Frasier changed that when he ordered patches be worn on both shoulders. The story behind the change is almost as bazaar as the stories for the dropping of the word "City" from the patch in 1977. You can find the story) HERE
1995/96 - There was another change to the uniform, Officers started wearing dark blue shirts to match their dark blue pants. This was a welcome addition to the midnight officers as it helped them sneaking around the streets and alleys. (It helped distinguish rank and didn't get as dirty as fast, your average municipal police officer will have someone resist arrest two to three times a week, this makes for a dirty uniform shirt- Another note about the Baltimore Police Officer Uniform, it was designed to look like a businessmen, a nice blouse, white shirt tie and pants, they even issued a brief case so we looked professional.)
1996 - The Mobile Unit began using CAD aided design programs to do computerized crime scene sketches.
1996 - The Identikit sketches were replaced with a computerized version called E-Fit. E-Fit was adopted by the department because it could be used on any computer by the investigating Detective, to more quickly obtain a sketch of the suspect.
1996 - The Baltimore Police Department became the first ever with a non-emergency 311 system.
1997 - We lost our Brother Lieutenant Owen Eugene Sweeney, Jr.
1998 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Harold Jerome Carey
1998 - We lost our Brother Flight Officer Barry Winston Wood
1997/98 - Headquarters had major improvements and modifications with the addition of the Annex Building.
2000 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Jamie Allen Roussey
2000 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Kevon Malik Gavin
2000 - We lost our Brother Sergeant John David Platt
2000 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Kevin Joseph McCarthy
2000 - It was mentioned earlier that in 1994 Police Commissioner Thomas Frasier Banned the Espantoon, in 2000 Police Commissioner Edward Norris learned of our tradition and brought the Espantoon back. There were a lot of thankful police, to have had been given back one of our favorite tools. Many don't understand, the Espantoon wasn't so much for hitting suspects and is was not to have to hit them, it was also used in many arm-bar type holds, and the spinning/twirling of the Nightstick mentioned earlier, that spinning, kept distance between an officer and those that might try to get into their person space. For anyone that didn't read the 1994 explanation of the Espantoon is a type of wooden police baton/nightstick that is distinct to the city of Baltimore and has been in use for generations. It is an ornate wood straight baton equipped with a swivelled leather strap with which it can be twirled as the Officer walked his beat. - Few Baltimore Police couldn't twirl their nightstick.
2000 - Ronald L. Daniel, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 2000 - 2000
2000 - Edward Norris, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 2000-2002
2001 - We lost our Brother Agent Michael Joseph Cowdery, Jr.
2002 - We lost our Sister Police Officer Crystal Deneen Sheffield
2002 - We lost our Brother Detective Thomas G. Newman
2002 - The Firearms Unit obtained a NIBIN system, which performs both fired cartridge cases and bullet comparisons as a part of a nationwide network. This is like NCIC and will let us know if a gun used in Baltimore to kill someone also matches a gun used in DC, LA or anywhere else in the US
2003 - The Annex building was re-named in dedication to Commissioner Bishop Robinson in 2003
2003 - Kevin Clark, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 2003-2004
2004 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Brian Donte Winder
2004 - Leonard Hamm, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 2004-2007
2006 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Anthony A. Byrd
2006 - QRT (Quick Response Team) is renamed SWAT (Special Weapons and Tactics) after 32 years the department finally changes the name of this highly trained, elite team. (Initially in 1974 while forming the team the department was against using the name SWAT because they felt the name was too harsh for the department image. Political correctness circa 1974.) For more information on QRT or SWAT click HERE - During this time the Baltimore Police Department has had 38 Commissioners, starting in 1850 with Charles Howard, until 2012 with Anthony W. Batts. More info on our Commissioners can be found by clicking HERE - The above was altered from reports written by BPD's Public Affairs Office - Monday, March 17, 2008; 7:00 pm
2006 - In 2006, President George W. Bush signed the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) bill. This new law allowed retired police officers to carry a firearm anywhere in the United States. As a result, a number of police departments around the country set up training programs for retired officers to be able to carry firearms.
2007 - We lost our Brother Detective Troy Lamont Chesley, Sr.
2007 - Frederick Bealefeld III, was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 2007-2012
2010 - We lost our Brother Police Officer James Earl Fowler, III
2010 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Thomas Russell "Tommy" Portz, Jr.
2011 - We lost our Brother Police Officer William Henry Torbit, Jr.
2012 - We lost our Brother Police Officer Forrest "Dino" Taylor
2012 - Anthony W. Batts was one of our Baltimore City Police Commissioner from 2012-Present
2013 - The Baltimore Police Department, goes from a six pack photo spread, in which the victim or witness of a crime is shown a photo spread containing six photos, one is the suspect, and five fill-in's, of similar looking males or females. The new concept would be to show six pictures as they did in the past, five fill-in's and the actual suspect in random order, but now one at a time. Prior to the 1980's when the six-pack photo spread was used, we used physical line-ups, in which we normally used the suspect and five fill in plain clothes officers, or civilians; so that the victim/witness' could make their pick. In the end does it really matter, if evidence points to the suspect, the victim/witness picks the suspect, be it through a physical line up, six-pack of photo’s, or individual photo’s, one guy in the line could be the guy. We never charge the guy they pick if the guy they pick is a fill-in and not our suspect. Still if it helps in anyway, to catch a crook and close a case. Then more power to them.
2013 - Baltimore Police begins its LEOSA program based on the following - Baltimore City FOP Lodge 3, Trustee Ed Wagner took it upon himself to convince the Baltimore Police Department to change course. He worked on implementing the program with Sam Walters, a member of the Baltimore Retired Police Benevolent Association (BRPBA) Board of Directors at the time, for 7 years, through several Police Commissioners. Baltimore City FOP Lodge 3 also committed to funding the start-up and equipment necessary to implement the LEOSA program. This is part of Baltimore Police History, great Job by members of both our FOP and our BRPBA
Learn from two different sources about how our Police had to walk prisoner in after an arrests prior to wagons, or vehicles, and how when a prisoner was either too drunk to walk alongside the officer, or had some other form of unconsciousness the officers would sometimes commandeer a wheelbarrow.
1* - 1946 - On 24 Aug 1946 Simon Fried, 38, a Tailor by trade from the 100 block Aisquith street, was shot and seriously wounded by an assailant that resisted arrest of, and then assaulted with the intent on murdering Patrolman Edwin J. Humphries, based on the following; As Officer Humphries attempted to arrest a young man that had been following two women threatening them with a brick, the suspect pulled a gun, and buffaloed the Officer across the top of his head knocking him to the ground, as Officer Humphries was falling to the ground he drew his own pistol but dropped same. Now unarmed and partially unconscious the officer was no threat, still the suspect began taking aim at the officer’s head. Seeing a young man ready to kill an officer, a tailor named Simon Fried, 38, an actual tailor by trade residing in the 100 block Aisquith street, ran toward the Officer, picked his gun up from the street, pointing it at the young, he yelled, "Drop That Gun!!!" The suspect then turned his attention on the Tailor, aimed his gun at the Tailor and fired three shots; the Tailor returned those rounds, but missed, still the suspect ran away, Patrolman Edwin J. Humphries life was saved, other than a minor head injury Patrolman Humphries would heal up fine, Mr. Fried on the other hand would never walk again. He took a round to his spinal cord and would be paralyzed and wheelchair bound for the rest of his life. While Mr. Fried never applied to become a police officer, was never sworn in, and never told the golden rule of backing up your partner, on that day in August of 1943 he was all police, and he knew what it meant to lay his own life on the line for another. He was made an Honorary Officer many of the Police Unions and, Police Originations of the time. He was awarded Bronze Stars, along with several other Commendations for his bravery. The assailant was later caught and sentenced to 22 years for assault with intent to murder.
Sadly on 14 February 1966, the Tailor Mr. Simon Fried died from complication that aroused from the injuries he received on that day.
The following officers died in the line of duty, and are not mentioned on the wall... these were discovered by Ret. Det Kenny Driscoll, and Active Police Officer Robert "Bobby" Brown the two are working to have this righted. (If you have information on any of these, or others not properly remembered, please contact, Det Driscoll, P/O Bobby Brown or myself here at the site.)
1. 1871, 12 January 1871 - Patrolman Charles J. Walsh - On this day in Police History 1871 - We lost our brother Patrolman Charles J. Walsh to accidental gunfire based on the following - Via the morning hour at approximately 1:30 O’clock, or just as the Coroner’s inquest was dated and time stamped, Policeman Charles J. Walsh was shot by his own hand and with his own pistol – The reports have these events taking place on yesterdays date, (12 January 1871) at or within approximately five minutes of Police Division C’s shift change. This being easily detected as Shift B and Shift C had just swapped positions at the Western Stationhouse, and the report of a .38 Caliber handgun at that hour on the small, tight, almost alley sized streets of Baltimore in the late 1800’s were very distinguishable. The officers in charge of the station, heard the loud report(s) of that a small caliber pistol. The sound apparently coming from the Baltimore Street side of the station, more in the direction of Pearl Street. Sgt. Zimmerman and Policemen Burkins, Earhart, and McKee quickly ran to the area from which the sound emanated, where they found Policeman Charles .J Walsh lying face down in the street. Closer examination revealed he was bleeding from an apparent entry wound to his head. Officer Walsh having just arrived on his beat was said to have been found by his brother officers to be lying face down in a small puddle of his own blood, his pistol under his upper body, with one of the barrel’s discharged. His Espantoon and belt lying alongside of him; he was carried to the station-house, and Prof. Baxter quickly summons to same. Upon arrival to the station Prof Baxter discovered that the ball had penetrated the center of Officer Walsh’s forehead and passed through his skull and into his brain, causing the fatal wound. The unfortunate man lingered in an unconscious state until about quarter past 3 o’clock when he expired. Dr. Spicer, city coroner, yesterday morning summonsed the following jury of inquest, - Dr. E R Baer, (Foreman) John Williams, E. R. Riddell, John Turnbull Junior, A. C. Pracht, T. Kearn good, Charles Stewart, E. T. Schultz, William T Toles, Alex, Towson, E. S. Parish, and James Maddox, before whom the following testimony was elicited: Policeman William Burkins testified that he was passing along Baltimore Street, coming toward Green, at the time and went between pro-and Green he looked across the street and saw the deceased passing directly afterwards he heard the deceased stick drop was particularly attracted; witnesses attention to him, a moment afterwards witness saw the flash, and heard the report of the pistol: ran across the street towards him, but before he could reach him, the deceased spun around and fell: witness immediately rapped (his Espantoon) for assistance and Sgt. Zimmerman and other officers came up in a few moments on raising the deceased did they found that his pistol under him, and his belt and stick lying near him there was no person nearer him then that witness himself. Sgt. Zimmerman testified to having heard a single wrap of a stick, and a moment afterward seeing the flash, and heard a report of a pistol. He was at the time with his squad on Baltimore Street near Pine: went back and found that the deceased lying on the sidewalk: on raising him up found blood streaming from a wound in his forehead, and his revolver lying under him: witness, which policeman Burkins, Earhart, Smith and McKee.
Policeman Ross testified that he had been with policeman well storing the early part of the night: deceased had been that night initiated into a large, after which witness went with him to his boarding house and took a lunch with him: when about to start to the station house remarked to him that he (witness) thought he had forgotten his pistol, the deceased felt in his overcoat pocket and said that he had his, and that he had left it in the ante-room while being initiated for fear of an accident: deceased appeared to be in good spirits Policeman McKee testified that he parted with the deceased at the southeast corner Baltimore and Greene streets, after leaving the station house at one half o’clock in the morning as deceased left witness he said he would see him again: witness asked when: deceased in a joking manner said about the Fourth of July, a few minutes afterwards he heard the report of the pistol: went back and found the deceased lying on the pavement. The jury after hearing the evidence rendered a verdict that the deceased came to his death by accidental discharge of his own pistol. The deceased was 27 years of age and unmarried. The body was taken in charge of by a brother of the deceased, and removed to the residents of the former, number 4 Decker St., from which place to the funeral will be placed this afternoon, at 2 o’clock. It will be attended by a delegation of Police Department and by members of the order of Beptesephe, as a member of which he was initiated the night of the fatal occurrence As we take this time to remember him, and thank him for his service and sacrifice. We his brothers and sisters of the Baltimore Police Department will not let him be forgotten. God Bless and Rest in Peace.
2. 1902, 30 July 1902 - Patrolman McIntire, John A - Patrolman John a McIntyre of the Northwestern district 1724 North Calhoun St. died yesterday morning about 11 o'clock of nervous protestration. He had not been in good health for the past two years, but was stricken on July 4 last and thereafter had not been on duty. He was born in this city 53 years ago, and was the son of the late Michael McIntyre. He was formally them ployed in Druid Hill Park. He was appointed to the police force April 4, 1887. Lieut. Carter, who was acting Capt. of the district yesterday,stated that patrolman McIntyre was a very efficient officer and that he had made credible arrests. On December 12, 1892, a pocketbook was snatched from the hands of Mr. Julia Eichelberger at the corner of Lyndon and Lafayette Avenue. She reported the case at once to the police,, and from the descriptions given, patrolman McIntyre arrested a few hours later Daniel Thomas, John Smith and James Kristen, all black males. Thomas was sentenced to the penitentiary for 18 months, Smith for three years and Kristen for eight years. Patrolman McIntyre was a member of St. Gregory's Catholic Church. He belonged to Eutaw conclave and the Heptasophs into the Catholic benevolent Legion. A widow, who was Miss Katherine Fillmore, and four sons – Frank, Leo, George and Charles McIntyre – survive him
3. 1905, 26 January 1905 - Patrolman Boone, Mathew - Cold It Too Much For Officer – Patrolman Mathew Boone, though ill went on duty but succumbed. Patrolman Boone was found in the neighborhood of Lafayette Square about 5 o'clock yesterday morning number with the cold and sent to his home, at 1402 Argyle Ave. where he died a short time later. Death was due to heart disease, believed to have been super-induced by the intense cold. Patrolman Boone, who was considered one of the most efficient officers in the Department was a member of the C Division and reported for duty at 3:4 5 o'clock yesterday morning 26 January 1905. Before leaving the station house he complained to several of the officers of feeling bad. He left with the squad of Sgt. Foster and his "beat" was in the vicinity of Lafayette Square. This is considered one of the most exposed sections of the city. For nearly 2 hours the faithful policeman patrolled his posts, while the heavy when caught up the snow and drove the wind into his face. At about 5 o'clock he was met by Sgt. Foster, who was making his rounds and the superior officer immediately notice that down wore a distressed look. He inquired what was wrong and Bill and said he was feeling ill and was very much affected by the cold. Sgt. Foster thereupon sent him home with patrolman Thomas Clark as an escort. On reaching the house patrolman Boone began to warm himself beside the stove. While a hot cup of coffee was prepared by patrolman Clark. After drinking the coffee patrolman Boone remarked to his fellow officer that he, “felt as if he was going to die,” and Patrolman Clark immediately had medical assistance summoned. But Boone lapsed into unconsciousness and expired a few minutes later. The death of patrolman Boone was a great shock to all the officers of the Northwestern District, where he had been assigned since the organization of the district in 1874. He was very popular among the men, he was 62 years old and was appointed to the police force on October 14, 1870, and sent to Western District, 4 years later he was detailed to the Northwestern. He had an excellent record. He was a member of the Odd Fellows and the Heptasophs. Patrolman Boone is survived by his widow who was formerly Mrs. Mary Doud, of Richmond Virginia and their seven children – Mrs. Harry L Amoss, of Pittsburgh, Mrs. Frank M Backwith of New London Connecticut, Misses
4. 1905, 22 March 1905 - Patrolman McNamara, John G - Patrolman murdered– Officer John G McNamara oh Fairfield, killed. – Tragedy near Curtis Bay – black males seen running away soon after shot is heard– armed posse searched in vain. Patrolman John G McNamara of Fairfield, a village to the North East of Curtis Bay was murdered last night at 8 o'clock in a dark lonely spot of the old hospital road, leading from Fairfield to Brooklyn and just on the outside of the village. No motive is given for the crime but to colored men were seen running along the road toward Brooklyn directly after the shot was heard and four bags of coal were found on the road, one being near where the patrolman was shot and three on the side of the road. This leads to the belief that there were four men and that they were approached by the patrolman and that one being followed closely dropped his coal and shot the patrolman. The others became frightened and ran away. The patrolman was found on the road about 30 feet from a telegraph pole, Lying facedown. His position would indicate that his assailant shot him from behind the telegraph pole as a bag of coal was found near the pole. Herded the shot. David Horah blackmail 15 years old heard the shot and saw two men run in the direction of Brooklyn. He ran to the saloon of John Donnelly, who lives just opposite where the patrolman was found. William Donnelly went to the spot and found a patrolman in an unconscious condition. He carried him into the house and he died soon afterward. Shoot Donnelly telephoned the Chief of police McDonald and Dr. Thomas B Horton of Curtis Bay. Dr. Horton examined the patrolman and found that a bullet from a 38 caliber revolver entered the right breast and penetrated the long. Armed posse search. The news of the murder quickly spread over the neighborhood, and in a short time every resident of the village and many from Mason Vail where the patrolman lived and from Curtis Bay gathered at Fairfield and the wildest excitement prevailed. Armed posse's searched every road leading from the police and the police of Brooklyn and Baltimore were notified and given descriptions of the two men seen by Horah. Every avenue of escape was guarded but up until the late hour no trace of the men could be found. One colored man answered the description was seen at Brooklyn the board a car for Baltimore but he had evidently changed his close. Suspect that men described. The suspects are said to live in Brooklyn and to work near Curtis Bay. One is described as being 5 feet 10 1/2 inches tall black mustache was 170 pounds is dark complexion and wore a slouched hat and overalls. The other is light-skinned with a small mustache was 170 pounds is 5'8" tall and wore Derby hat and overalls. Many answering these descriptionswere seen and dollies saloon at Fairfield about 7:15 PM and just after they left patrolman McNamara past the saloon and said he was going up the road and would be back in a short time. It was soon after this that the patrolman was shot. No description has been obtained of the other two men supposed to a been in the gang. Wife Prostrated. Mrs. McNamara widow the patrolman was notified of her husband's death soon after he was shot and was one of the first to arrive at the place. She was nearly heartbroken when she beheld her prostrate husband and could hardly control herself. The remains were taken to the patrolman's home in Masonville last night and corner Wharton and justice Hawkins arranged to hold an inquest this morning at 10 o'clock patrolman McNamara was appointed on the force in May 1904, he came from Ireland 35 years ago and was 45 years old he is survived by a widow miss Mary and McNamara and five children Annie, John Edward, William Thomas, Margaret and Annabella McNamara.
5. 1905 - 25 Dec 1905 - Patrolman Charles Spitznagle, of the Northeastern District, was paralyzed yesterday afternoon while patrolling his post and died last night at St. Joseph's Hospital without regaining consciousness. He was walking along Central avenue, near Fairmount Avenue, when taken Ill and was hurriedly taken to the hospital In the Northeastern district patrol wagon. Patrolman Spitznagle was appointed to the force on January 1, 1893. He lived at 2312 East Fayette Street and leaves a Family.
6. 1909 - 4 March 1909 - Patrolman Thomas H. Worthington was killed by a "live" wire at Mount Royal Avenue and McMechen Street early this morning. He was carrying a "dead" wire to the sidewalk from the street when a second wire fell. He died instantly.Officer Worthington was about 50 years old, and had been on the force about 12 "years, most ·of the time serving in the Northwestern district: He lived with his wife and children on Braddish Avenue, near the Wabash railroad tracks.
7. 1912, 25 November 1912 - Patrolman McGrain, John - Injured Patrolman dead, John McGrain was badly hurt in peculiar accident. Badly injured in peculiar accident last February while riding in the Northwestern district auto patrol, patrolman John Crane, retired, 56 years old died yesterday morning at his home 1519 Myrtle Ave. while the attending physicians said that heart disease was the cause of death members of Maclean's family declare that he never recovered from injuries received in the auto accident. McGrain was widely known in the city while in the central district he met and knew personally many of the financial district. One day last February he was instructed to hold a windshield in the police patrol while it was being taken to northern police station for repairs. When the turn was made at North and Pennsylvania Avenue the crane was thrown forward, striking his four head against the windshield. His head was badly cut and he was taken to St. Luke's Hospital. Born in Baltimore Mr. McGrain was appointed a member of the Police Department in 1891. He is survived by his widow, miss and McGrain, his three sons, John W, Joseph W, and William F the crane and two brothers, Thomas L and James the crane.
8. 1913 - 5 March 1913 – Patrolman Gottlleb Eisener, 52 years old 1406 Carol St. a former Watchmen for Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was found unconscious in his room by Patrolman Lawrence of the Southwest district yesterday morning 5 March 1913 - Coroner Abrams of the Southwest district was notified and after making examination ordered the body taken to the more. An autopsy will be performed today by Dr. N. G. Keirle. - Dr. Abrams was unable to determine the exact cause of death. It was thought that death was caused by a cerebral hemorrhage. In view of the circumstances surrounding the assault, Dr. Abrams deemed in the autopsy necessary. - A week ago Eisner and Albert R Seelert 1110 Carol St. another watchmen for the railroad had a flight at the Columbia Avenue crossing of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Eisner’s head was badly cut and he was taken to Franklin square hospital where 15 stitches were taken in his scalp Eisner charge Seelert with assaulting him.
9. 1915, 21 September 1915 - Patrolman Bitzel, Herbert - Policeman killed by a fall Patrolman Bitzel tumbled from front platform of trolley car. Patrolman Herbert Bitzel, of the Northwestern district was killed by a fall from the front platform of and Edmondson Avenue car on Edmondson Avenue near Arlington Avenue early yesterday morning 20 September 1915. He was picked up unconscious by Frank Kapraun, the motorman, and several of his brother police officers and died in WesternDistrict ambulance while being taken to the Franklin Square hospital. Dr. George G Swann who examined him immediately upon his arrival to the hospital, city fracture at the base of the skull and caused his death. A short time after 4 o'clock yesterday morning Bitzel, with round Sgt. Davis, Sgt. Kaiss and several patrolman boarded the Edmondson Avenue car on their way home from duty. Bitzel, according to motorman Kapraun, announced that the step on the front platform, saying he was only going to write a short distance. A few minutes later Kapraun called back to the policeman in the car that Bitzel had fallen off. The car was brought to a stop and Bitzel was found lying face downward, bleeding from wounds on his face. Bitzel was 28 years old. He was appointed a probationary or in February, 1913 and a regular seven months ago. He patrolled the section near Lafayette market. Before entering the Police Department he was a fireman have been a member of both the number 19 engine company and number 10 truck company he is survived by a widow and five children.
10. 1917, 2 January 1917 - Patrolman Burns, Michael J - patrolman Michael J Burns of the bicycle squad was killed almost instantly about 7 o'clock last night when he attempted to relate and electric lamp in front of 4012 Park Heights Ave. He was pronounced dead by Dr. James S Akehurst, who lives at 4012 Parklake Ave. and who reached the side of the patrolman's body a few minutes after he was electrocuted. Shortly after the current was turned on the lamp began to sputter and several the residents of the neighborhood complained of the flashing. Patrolman Burns came along on his bicycle on his way to the little station at Parklake Avenue and Reisterstown Road. His attention was called to the lamp by a passerby and he stated that he could make the light come on again to its normal power by tapping on the chain that leads from the paid about 6 feet up the pole to the lamp itself.
11. 1918, 19 March 1918 - Matron Foll, Teresa - police matron dies in chair – Miss Teresa Foll served two years at Southern station - officers and employees of the southern police station were shocked at last evening 18 March 1918, by the sudden death of Mr. Teresa Foll - 3124 O'Donnell Street, who had been substituted Matron there for more than two years. Patrolman Harvey Romner was passing her room on the second floor of the station house at about 5:30 o'clock and noticed her sitting limply in a chair. Thinking her either a sleep, or ill he stepped into the room and in a playful tone told her to wake up. Receiving no response, he touched her face and found her dead. Corner Reinhardt was summonsed and pronounced death due to heart disease. She is survived by her daughter Miss Regina Foll.
12. 1920 - 3 Oct 1920 - Patrolman Michael J Egan Southwest District, A murder/ suicide occurred when Kenneth Tucker and his wife were alone and the police have been unable to learn just what proceeded the double shooting. Eunice Honeycutt, 14-year-old daughter of the woman by a former marriage, was in the house when her stepfather came to the door and sought admittance. Patrolman Egan had just returned to the station with a disorderly conduct arrest, when the desk sergeant sent him our to handle the Tucker incident. He and a report attempted to run to the location of the shooting, but Officer Egan became winded and needed a lift, he flagged down a motorist and was given a ride to the scene, 1313 W Saratoga St. Officer Egan pushed open the door and went in. Later when the patrol wagon from the Western District arrived and went in they discovered Officer Egan's lifeless body lying across Tucker, just inside the door. It was believed that the site of Tucker caused him to collapse, but we don't know there could have been a struggle for the gun, or he may have collapsed from the run, or an earlier struggle with the disorderly. As we all know even without a struggle, a disorderly can get our heart rate up, and with an already weak heart, this could have lead to the death of Patrolman Michael Egan of the Southwest District
13. 1923 - Patrolman John Edward Swift - Was involved in an altercation during his shift, injured so badly he had to be taken home (carried by his fellow officers) he never made back to work, he died from injuries to his spleen, some said it was a heart attack, in either case it came about as a result of the fight he had that night. All I have is it happened in 1923
14. 1925 - 2 Jan 1925 - Patrolman George D Hart Northern district died early this morning at Union memorial Hospital from injuries received November 16 1924 when his motor cycle and an Automobile collided at University Parkway and Charles St. Henry Rodgers Jr. driver of the car was arrested at the time and later released pending the outcome of Hart’s injuries. Hart received a fractured skull and internal injuries. Rodgers lives in the Carolina Apartments
15. 1925 - 17 May 1925 – Patrolman Patrick J Coniffee of the central district died Monday night at St. Joseph Hospital will be held tomorrow night by Dr. J.S.H. Potter, coroner for the Northeast district. The patrolman was struck Sunday night by a streetcar and received a fractured skull. – David E Miles 811 South Calhoun St. motorman of the car was arrested and later released to appear at the investigation. Patrolman Patrick J Coniffee central district was injured serious the last night when he was struck by a streetcar at fleet Street and Patterson Park Avenue. He was taken to St. Joseph’s Hospital where it is thought he is suffering from a fractured skull and possible internal injuries. He is 44 years old and lives at 720 Mura St.. - The policeman was crossing the street when he was struck by a car about 11 PM the motorman of the car was David Miles 311 South Calhoun St. and the conductor was Frank Walter 800 block of Scott Street. A mealy after the accident the car was stopped and the motorman and conductor picked up the injured man. He was taken to the hospital in the automobile of William Longe 600 block S. Bond St. - Coniffee has been on the Baltimore police force since June 1913 and prior to this time he was a special officer for the railroad company. - He was struck while working his beat. David Miles was the motorman of the car. - 3 November 1934 – Patrolman John Stapf, a patrolman was killed by a trolley car and two children were injured one fatal, but automobiles yesterday;
THE DEAD ARE:
patrolman John Stapf, 63 of Northwest district who lived in the 5100 block of Elmer Avenue
Clifton Himmel, eight years old son of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Himmel of the 2600 block of Hamilton Avenue
INJURED CHILD IS;
Daniel Knott, 5, of the 1500 block of E. Pratt St. at Johns Hopkins hospital suffering from a possible fractured skull
patrolman staff was killed almost instantly when struck by streetcar yesterday afternoon on North Avenue under the Western Maryland railway bridge. Witnesses said the officer ran in front of a standing eastbound car and into the path of a car going in the opposite direction. Radio cars were dispatched to the scene and took him to the West Baltimore General Hospital, where he was pronounced dead of a compound skull fracture.
JUST RELIEVED OF DUTY IN
shortly before the accident patrolman staff John Smit and Edward Burns was standing at a police callbox at that point. They had just been relieved of duty. Smit and Burns boarded the eastbound car, which was in charge of by Harry Phobos motorman staff ran in front of his car. Phobos said, and was struck by the other trolley. The impact threw him against the standing car.
TECHNICAL CHARGE PLACED
16. 1925 - Patrolman John E. Harris - him patrolman John E Harris of drew a Hill Park police died yesterday in West Baltimore General Hospital from pneumonia which is said to have been caused by injuries received at last Monday when he was struck by an automobile operated by a student driver he was 73 years old. -At the hour of Mr. Harris’s death William Norris president of the Park board and conference with officers and members of the automobile trade Association refused to resend the boards order by which persons learning to drive automobiles would be prohibited from using roads in the public park the order was issued by Mr. Norris as a result of the accident in which officer Harris was hurt. The conference ended with the Association deciding to abide by the ruling of the board. Student driver held Harry Siegel 2366 McCulloch Street who under the tutelage of alley apple sign 6 North Bond St. was operating the machine which is said to have struck the patrolman, was released in the custody of his attorney at the Northwestern police station pending the action of Dr. J Terrell Hennessey corner Siegel was charged with causing officer Harris’s death. He had been released after the accident in the custody of his attorney. The police said Apple stain also may be arrested, but no immediate action against him has been taken.
17. 1937 - 16 November 1937 – Capt. Charles A. Kahler commander of the Western district died suddenly of a heart ailment in a red brick stationhouse on pine Street last night 16 November 1937 the Capt. was 61 years old and was working half an hour before the end of a task he always approached with zest the questioning of a suspect in an effort to gain a confession the Capt. complained of dizziness shortly before 8 o’clock the prisoner suspected of robbery was taken into the Capt.’s office and questioned by Capt. Kohler. A few minutes after 8 o’clock the Capt. came out into the main room of the station house complained of feeling dizzy and walked several times around the room. Then he went to the back of the station house, evidently for a drink of water, but slumped into a chair before he reached the water cooler. The doctor was called Lieut. Joseph Nelligan and Sgt. Charles ruffling were on duty in the station house at the time carried the Capt. who was semiconscious to a bench in the courtroom and a call was put into Dr. William Gilroy 622 West North Ave. the captains personal Dr. period Doctor Gilroy Dr. Gilroy was not reached immediately at the request of Capt. Kohler Dr. Helm a city quarter was summoned Dr. Howells with Capt. Kohler when he died at 8:30 o’clock. Dr. Gilroy said the captain suffered from a chronic heart heart condition, but did he had not complained of difficulty since three months ago. Capt. Kohler’s health had not been of the best in recent years. Talks enthusiastically the Capt. made his home at 906 Patterson Park Ave. Mr. Koehler said her husband had dinner at home last night, I talked over his impending questioning of the suspect. He told her she said he feared he would not be a will to break the man’s alibi. Besides his wife Capt. Kohler is survived by his sister two brothers John Kohler a patrolman Frederick Koehler of the Eastern district
18. 29 Jan 1944 - Patrolman Joseph Waldsachs who had been a member of the Police Department for 25 years was killed late yesterday afternoon when he tripped in the balcony of a motion picture theater and fell down the stairs, breaking his neck. Police reported that Patrolman Waldsachs, who was assigned to the Northwestern district, was making a routine inspection of the theater, located in the. 1400 block West Lafayette Ave. He was leaving the projection booth after talking to the theater manager when he fell, they said. The policeman, who was 54 and lived at 2023 Wheeler Ave., was taken to the West Baltimore General Hospital, where he was pronounced dead.
19. 27 June 1946 - Patrolman Shamer, James M - Patrolman James M Shamer suddenly became ill last night while on duty in the northern district radio car and died a short time later at Union Memorial Hospital. Northern district officers said patrolman chamber slumped in the seat of his car shortly after he complained of feeling badly. His companion in the car was patrolman William Ellinghaus. Patrolman Shamer is survived by a wife and one child he lived at 5508 Frederick Ave.
20. 13 Oct 1947 – Patrolman Charles Hart age 61 stood in the roll call room of the Northwest District the way he had for 24 years when all of a sudden he felt massive chest pains, he was rushed to Baltimore General Hospital where he was pronounced dead of a heart attack. News papers back then were so callous as to report the incident as “Patrolman Drops Dead Awaiting Roll Call” on top of this he was not giving the recognition of a fallen officer, his name is not on the wall.
21. 1968 - Sgt. Frank Ankrom during his seven years on the police force, Sgt. Ankrom had been stationed at the southeastern district and was later transferred to the burglary section of the criminal investigation division. He was promoted in July to Sgt. and transferred to the auto self section, but he was injured a few days later when he was run over by a stolen car. He had been assigned to light duty ever since never fully recovered from injuries and on 12 November 1968 Sgt. Frank Ankrom succumbed to his injuries.
The murder and death of our police is something far more than a personal tragedy of that officer’s bereaved family and their intimate friends. It is a tragedy that the entire community shares. This is because as our police, perform their fatal duty, they embody the law. And how those laws are the set of rules by which a civilized community lives-without which, by definition; it cannot deserve the description "civilized." The murder/death of a Police officer is a direct attack on the embodiment of our laws. Such an attack cannot go unpunished, or unrecognized, because it is a challenge to society. If we become numb, or unappreciative to that sacrifice, we become uncivilized.
The police, we can be sure, will do their utmost to capture the murderer(s). They have a right to expect aid from any member of the community who is in a position to give it. It is to encourage such aid by the community at large that rewards are often offered for the person, or persons who may be responsible for the apprehension of the murderer. Which in and of itself is kind of sad, for to know who is responsible for taking the life of a police officer, or anyone for the matter, but not to offer up that information without a reward shows how little society really cares, it goes to show the real reason some neighborhoods are better than others, it has nothing to do with income levels, what it really boils down to, is what kind of crime a neighborhood will tolerate. Better neighborhoods; realize stopping crime of their neighbors reduced the chances of crime to themselves. As Robert F. Kennedy said, "Every society gets the kind of criminal it deserves. What is equally true is that every community gets the kind of law enforcement it insists on."